OLDEST CIVILIZATION IN CUSCO VALLEY
Discover in Marcavalle two evidences of architectural constructions of 3 thousand years of antiquity
The Decentralized Department of Culture of Cusco announced that in the multidisciplinary research that is being carried out in the Archaeological Zone of Marcavalle, two evidences of architectural constructions that date back more than 3 thousand years of age have been found For archeology and history. These investigations are carried out through a cooperation agreement between the Superior Court of Justice of Cusco and the cultural entity.
In research unit 01 a wall was built with stone and clay, circular in shape, approximately 7 meters in diameter, corresponding to the Marcavalle culture, located in the southern part of the city of Cusco, where the Center currently operates Youth.
According to Archaeologist Luz Marina Monroy, who directs the research project, this circular enclosure would have been used as housing and within it would have carried out ritual activities on the part of the first inhabitants that occupied the valley of Cusco, long before The Inca civilization. In another research unit of Marcavalle also a wall segment of similar characteristics was discovered that would correspond to a workshop and warehouse, where there is evidences of several floors of successive occupation.
In the interior of these two architectural constructions have been discovered a large number of pottery fragments of the Marcavalle culture, such as decorated vessel necks, obsidian projectile points, stone tools such as hammers and mortars, stone and bone beads; Needles, punches and spatulas made of animal bones, figurines of ceremonial use, skeletal remains of South American dogs and camelids, remains of seeds and fragments of agricultural products such as corn, beans, chonta and others; Offerings of mud, kitchen scraps and stoves.
Among the ceramic fragments are decorations with faces of animals, human faces and birds’ heads. These findings confirm that the Marcavalle culture arose when the Chavín culture was being developed in Ancash and the Paracas culture in Ica.
These findings were verified by the head of the Decentralized Department of Culture of Cusco, Dr. Vidal Pino Zambrano, who highlighted the enormous archaeological value of the evidences found. «These constructions confirm that in Cusco the first steps of the Andean civilization took place, whose greater expression was the Inca culture. We will continue to promote this research project because Marcavalle is like a book that we must continue reading to understand our history «said the official.