CUSCO USEFUL INFORMATION

The city of Cusco or Qosqo was the Empire of the Incas, is the main tourist destination of Peru and one of the most important in South America. Cusco is considered a magical city because when you arrive and walk around the Plaza de Armas you will be imbued with its mysticism, culture, colonial churches and much more. Cusco is located on the valley of the Huatanay River, in the southern highlands of Peru, and owes the name “navel of the world” (Qosco in Quechua) to having been the center of a vast network of roads that went to each of the four regions that formed the “four parts of the world or Four of Its” according to the Andean cosmovision. Cusco is also a colonial city, with splendid churches and old houses. Many consider that it is, precisely, that special mixture that makes it a charming and attractive city for all visitors.

The city of Cusco, former capital of the Inca Empire, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983 and is undoubtedly one of the most important destinations in the world.

Among its main archaeological monuments we can mention the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, Ollantaytambo, Pisac, Quenqo, the archaeological site of Tambomachay, among other sites of archaeological and tourist importance. The past of the Spaniards still conserves important architectural remains of colonial style, among them the Cathedral Basilica, the temple and the convent of La Merced, the church of the company of Jesus, the pulpit of San Blas, the churches of Santa Catalina. , Santa Clara and San Cristóbal, Santo Domingo, and museums and paintings of the Cusqueña School.

Due to the impressive beauty of its archaeological monuments, cusco has been, deservedly, declared as the “Archaeological Capital of South America”, in an Americanist congress held in Argentina, in the year of 1993. And in 1993, the state Peruvian through the congress declares the city of Cusco as the “Historical Capital of Peru”.

Among its cobbled streets are Inca buildings, such as the Qoricancha and the Inca Roca Palace, along with colonial buildings of Andean Baroque style, such as the Cathedral and the Church of the Company; You can also visit the picturesque neighborhood of San Blas, where the workshops of the best artisans of the department can be found.

THE SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS

The Sacred Valley of the Incas that was said to be the Inca’s private garden, an hour from Cusco, extends the towns of Pisac, Maras, Chinchero and Ollantaytambo, from where it is possible to take the train to Machupicchu. Another way to get to the citadel of Machupicchu is by following one of the trails of the Inca Trail, a spectacular network of paths that meander among snow-capped mountains, rivers, and breathtaking landscapes. This is one of the best trekking routes in the world, because through it, impressive archaeological sites and areas rich in unique species of flora and fauna are dotted.

HOW TO GET TO CUSCO

Land Route: The city of Cusco can be reached by the following means:

Lima – Arequipa – Cusco: 1, 494 km of route, with a duration of 24 hours approx. by bus This is the most recommended route to get to this city.

Lima-Nazca-Puquio-Abancay-Cusco: 1 136 km (20 hours by car approx.).

Puno – Cusco: 389 Kms, 7 hours by car.

By flight: There are daily air transportation services that operate from Lima to the Velasco Astete Airport in Cusco; 45 minutes approx. Of flight.

Another recommended air route to reach the city of Cuzco is: Arequipa – Cusco, which lasts 30 min. approx. Of flight.

Railway: There is a railway network linking the cities of Arequipa – Juliaca – Puno – Cusco.

WHAT TO DO IN CUSCO

Once you have arrived in the city of Cusco with days in advance, for some of the treks to machu picchu we recommend to visit the following

SACRED VALLEY TOUR

It is a tour where you will visit Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chincheros, Moray, Salineras the tour starts at 7:00 am, and culminates at 19:00 pm. It is good to know that to make this tours of the traditional attractions  you have to  buy the Boleto Turistico.

CITY TOUR IN CUSCO

It is a viewer that is done outside the city of Cusco, where you can enjoy colossal constructions such as: Sacsayhuaman, Quenqo, Pucapucara, Tambomachay, this tour starts at 13:00 pm and ends at 18:00 pm.

RAINBOW MOUNTAIN

This attraction is located two hours by bus from Cusco, and three hours on foot, the landscape is quite impressive due to geological faults and traces of wind erosion, this attraction has been very recently driven.Once you have arrived in the city of Cusco with days in advance, for some of the treks to machu picchu we recommend to visit the following

SACRED VALLEY TOUR

It is a tour where you will visit Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chincheros, Moray, Salineras the tour starts at 7:00 am, and culminates at 19:00 pm. It is good to know that to make this tours of the traditional attractions  you have to  buy the Boleto Turistico.

CITY TOUR IN CUSCO

It is a viewer that is done outside the city of Cusco, where you can enjoy colossal constructions such as: Sacsayhuaman, Quenqo, Pucapucara, Tambomachay, this tour starts at 13:00 pm and ends at 18:00 pm.

RAINBOW MOUNTAIN

This attraction is located two hours by bus from Cusco, and three hours on foot, the landscape is quite impressive due to geological faults and traces of wind erosion, this attraction has been very recently driven.

Sacsayhuaman Park in Cusco by eco path trek
andenes agricolas de moray
rainbow mountain trek by eco path trek

TIMES AND DISTANCES OF ATTRACTIONS

Machu Picchu

The wonder of the world is to 112 km, to reach the attraction we must take a bus to Ollantaytambo and then the train to Aguas Calientes. Since last year the visit of Machu Picchu is  splitted in 2 schedules  , the first one  is at 6:00 am to 12:00 pm. And the second from 13:00 pm to 17:00 pm. Those tickets are valid only for one use ANOTHER ATTRACTIONS FROM CUSCO.

Puno

In this department you will find the famous floating islands of the Uros, Takile and Amantani that are in the highest lake in the world Titicaca. To puno the distance in hours of trip are of 7 hours in bus of Cusco, we have schedules of exit in buses at 22:00 pm, or in the morning at 8:30 am. There are no air flights to Puno there is only up to Juliaca which is a city that is located one hour from Puno by bus.

Arequipa

Here is the deepest Canyon of the world Cotahuasi, and the natural habitat of the condors. To get from Cusco we must travel 11 hours by bus, most of the companies depart in the evening at 8:30 pm. If you want to go in air flight there are not many direct flights, most are with stopover in Lima.

La Paz

To arrive to the capital of Bolivia are 13 hours by bus, leaving Cusco at 22:00 pm, before there are no schedules available, for the reason of border crossing. If you want there are also two flights of flights from Cusco to La Paz, which takes about 1h 45 min.

Lima

It is the capital of Peru, it is located in the coast of the Pacific Ocean, all the international flights arrive to this city and from there it must take the following to the other cities.

Flights from Lima to Cusco are very frequent; But keep in mind that from Cusco there are no night flights outside of 19:00 pm.

TITICACA LAKE IN PERU: ISLAND OF AMANTANI
SALT FLATS OF UYUNI

MONEY IN CUSCO

The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian Sol, we have tickets with denominations of: 200, 100, 50, 20 and 10. And in coins from: 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, 1 sun, 2 soles, and 5 soles.

In Cusco the prices of the tours and services are expressed mainly in American dollars. Note that Cusco is not the capital of Peru, so that the exchange rate is the same as its mobile application, the exchange rate is always much lower as we move away from the capital.

Be very careful in taxis when receiving the changes as some bad guys circulate fake coins and coins.

If you are going to withdraw money from ATMs, do it without anyone seeing your password, normally your card will give you a withdrawal amount of no more than 300 dollars a day.

The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian Sol, we have tickets with denominations of: 200, 100, 50, 20 and 10. And in coins from: 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, 1 sun, 2 soles, and 5 soles.

In Cusco the prices of the tours and services are expressed mainly in American dollars. Note that Cusco is not the capital of Peru, so that the exchange rate is the same as its mobile application, the exchange rate is always much lower as we move away from the capital.

Be very careful in taxis when receiving the changes as some bad guys circulate fake coins and coins.

If you are going to withdraw money from ATMs, do it without anyone seeing your password, normally your card will give you a withdrawal amount of no more than 300 dollars a day.

local currency and dolars in cusco

CLIMATE AT CUSCO

In Cusco we only have two seasons, drought (April – October) and rains (novembre – March).

But with climate change the variability of the climate has varied too much, nothing is certain with the climate in the Andes, it can be sunny and from moment to time it could happen showers, so you must walk in a waterproof jacket.

During the day temperatures reach 21 C °, and at night it is 8 C °. In winter the lowest temperature is – 5 C °.

In Cusco we only have two seasons, drought (April – October) and rains (novembre – March).

But with climate change the variability of the climate has varied too much, nothing is certain with the climate in the Andes, it can be sunny and from moment to time it could happen showers, so you must walk in a waterproof jacket.

During the day temperatures reach 21 C °, and at night it is 8 C °. In winter the lowest temperature is – 5 C °.

ATTENTION SCHEDULE

All pharmacies, pharmacies, banks and businesses in Cusco open from Monday to Saturday from 9:00 am to 8:00 pm. On Sundays and holidays there is no attention.

All pharmacies, pharmacies, banks and businesses in Cusco open from Monday to Saturday from 9:00 am to 8:00 pm. On Sundays and holidays there is no attention.

FOOD AND CUSTOMS

In the cusco is celebrated throughout the year, many religious festivals, so it is common to see artists, dancers and processions in the streets with many crowds. The most famous are: Carnival, Easter, Feast of Crosses, Corpus Christi, Inti Raymi.

The traditional Cusco food is based on the Andean ingredients, such as corn, potatoes, wheat, olluco, pumpkins, rocoto, and fragrant spices. In most of the restaurants menus are offered, with soups, main course and classic drink like the purple corn.

There are all kinds of foods, from 5 dollars to 80 dollars, what you should not do is eat in the streets, or markets, because they are not hygienic, otherwise you could get some stomach infection.

If you are a person who likes fruits, cusco sells all varieties of apples, grapes, peaches, pears, watermelons, melons, papayas, cherimoya, lucumas, cranberries, etc.

In the cusco is celebrated throughout the year, many religious festivals, so it is common to see artists, dancers and processions in the streets with many crowds. The most famous are: Carnival, Easter, Feast of Crosses, Corpus Christi, Inti Raymi.

The traditional Cusco food is based on the Andean ingredients, such as corn, potatoes, wheat, olluco, pumpkins, rocoto, and fragrant spices. In most of the restaurants menus are offered, with soups, main course and classic drink like the purple corn.

There are all kinds of foods, from 5 dollars to 80 dollars, what you should not do is eat in the streets, or markets, because they are not hygienic, otherwise you could get some stomach infection.

If you are a person who likes fruits, cusco sells all varieties of apples, grapes, peaches, pears, watermelons, melons, papayas, cherimoya, lucumas, cranberries, etc.

chiriuchu is the most traditional plate of cusco

COSTS OF TAXIS

In Cusco taxis charge you depending on the distance, for example a transfer from the airport to the city center is an average of 30 soles or 10 usd. From the land terminal to the city center costs 20 soles or 8 usd. If it is going to move by the urban sector the cost is 6 soles.

Note that the city of Cusco is not flat, if you choose your hotel in the neighborhood of San Blas, San Cristobal, and nearby this for sure that the cost is higher because there is much restriction in urban transportation to these neighborhoods, The streets of Cusco are very narrow.

The nightly rate is a bit more expensive at the normal rate.

In Cusco taxis charge you depending on the distance, for example a transfer from the airport to the city center is an average of 30 soles or 10 usd. From the land terminal to the city center costs 20 soles or 8 usd. If it is going to move by the urban sector the cost is 6 soles.

Note that the city of Cusco is not flat, if you choose your hotel in the neighborhood of San Blas, San Cristobal, and nearby this for sure that the cost is higher because there is much restriction in urban transportation to these neighborhoods, The streets of Cusco are very narrow.

The nightly rate is a bit more expensive at the normal rate.

NETWORK AND INTERNET

In Cusco there is broadband internet and fiber optics, in hotels and some rest bars there is free wi fi, but if you want higher speed, we recommend buying a chip. Outside of cities and big cities there is no internet.In Cusco there is broadband internet and fiber optics, in hotels and some rest bars there is free wi fi, but if you want higher speed, we recommend buying a chip. Outside of cities and big cities there is no internet.

MEDICAL SERVICES

The attentions are 24 hours a day, if you need any consultation or emergency, you only have to call any of the numbers that are in the receptions of the hotels. And they will be immediately looking for you. So we recommend that you always take out travel insurance.The attentions are 24 hours a day, if you need any consultation or emergency, you only have to call any of the numbers that are in the receptions of the hotels. And they will be immediately looking for you. So we recommend that you always take out travel insurance.

FESTIVITIES

Cusco and, in general, Peru, is a festive town for excelencia that has transformed religious celebrations into true popular celebrations where ceremonies and cults are as important as: dances, meals and drinks. Por ejemplo, algunos alimentos típicos its algunos de los ejemplos de ciertas formas de vida y de vida en mi vida. The most important festival of the festival of Cusco is Holy Week, in procesions of the Monday monday and Good Friday. A so so vees, should be added two that are manufactured in places not far from Cusco, the Virgen del Carmen in Paucartambo and Qoyllority, near the town of Ocongate. Both equal in originality and beauty to urban evenings.

INTI RAYMI

The celebration of the Inti Raymi is a tradición dating back to the time of the Inca Empire. It was followed by a retroactiva campaign with 50 years of duración y de fuerza y ​​de atracción. The ancient great Inca city of Cusco is the most important festival and attracts many foreign visitors. This is also the case in almost all the cities that form the Old Kingdom, as in the case of northern Argentina. The Inti Raymi is the tribute that the Peruvian man makes his sun and all nature. It is one of the many religious manifestations of Peru. An excellent representation of IntI Raymi was held at the Saqsayhuaman, with the participation of hundreds of people at the ceremony. It is the richest festival of the Inca Empire, which is offered to the world.

inti raymi 2020 this celebration is the most important in peru and the south america

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